Large Size Crowned Buddha
3.4 ft x 2.3 ft x 1.4 ft
A Short Note on the Origin and Aesthetics of The Crowned BuddhaAn early development in Indian Buddhist iconography was the 'CrownedBuddha.' In these images the Buddha is not shown wearing the monk's robe andthe close-cropped hair of a mendicant, but the diadem-crown and jewelledornaments of a king. This iconographic type were extremely popular in theBodhgaya region during the Pala period, and from there this unique aestheticideal later migrated to Tibet and Nepal.The Crowned Buddha symbolizes the Beatific Body (Sambhogakaya) form ofBuddha. Among the Three Bodies of the Buddha, the Emanation Body(Nirmanakaya), the Beatific Body (Sambhogakaya), and the Truth Body(Dharmakaya), this represents the manifestation of the Buddha visible tothose of greatly purified mind, such as tenth-stage Bodhisattvas. This formwas made especially important in Tibet from the first Great Prayer Festivalin 1409. During that celebration, Tsong Khapa transformed the Jokhangtemple's Shakyamuni statue - an image venerated since its presentation toTibet by the Chinese bride of the great Tibetan king Songtsen Gambo in ca.640 - by crowning and bejewelling it to represent the Beatific Body form(see accompanying image). Thus began the identification of the CrownedBuddha with his Beatific form.In this present sculpture, Buddha wears a five-tiara crown, which symbolize the five transcendentBuddhas. The skill of the sculpting hands can be felt in the complex drapingand fall of the robes. The upper garment covers both his shoulders and hewears regal and luxuriant jewelry which includes bracelets; armlets,necklaces and a pair of elaborate earrings. A choker (collar) further adornshis neck and carved on it is the kirtimukha, which is a symbol ofauspiciousness. The radiant face of the Buddha is slightly smiling, and thesoft, thin, almost feminine lips lightly pursed together.