Lot 8

Small Louis XIV Bureau de Changeur
Height: 74 cm.
Width 84 cm.
Depth closed: 40 cm.
Depth open: 80 cm.
Pierre Gole (Maître Menuisier en ébène ordinaire du Roi from 1656, died 1685), train.
France, c. 1680.

Exceptional so-called Bureau de Changeur (money-changing table). Over double conical feet two by four legs "en gaine", which are arranged in groups of four by means of braces. Above it the vertically triple-jointed corpus with lateral drawers one above the other and a concave recessed central door with a false drawer above it. Top panel hinged with inner box. Oak wood carcass with sawn and engraved brass and tin ornament panels on backed tortoise shell. Especially the top plate with rich marquetry "en première partie" with symmetrically arranged tendril motifs and blossoms arranged around a central fitted cartouche with a surrounding ornamental band with arabesques.

Note:
The type of marquetry that we see in this particular piece of furniture is closely linked to the name of André Charles Boulle (1642-1732), although he was neither the inventor nor the only Ebenist to use this type of decoration. Thus, Jacques Talon was appointed Maître menuisier ordinaire du Roi by Louis XIV as early as 1663 because he was satisfied with his furniture with metal inlays (Ronfort, Boulle, 2009, p. 89). His contemporary was Pierre Gole, followed by Domenico Cucci, Alexandre-Jean Oppenordt, Nicolas Sageot and Bernard I Vanrisamburgh. Pierre Gole supplied the French court from 1651. In 1665 he supplied a pair of important cabinet cabinets, the so-called de la Guerre and de la Paix, for the outrageous sum of 25800 livres. We also know that he also worked for the king's brother and high-ranking nobles. At first he limited himself to furniture with ivory inlays and floral marquetry, only gradually did the combination of tortoiseshell and brass creep into his work, for example in the Cabinet d'Hercule et Omphale, which he made in 1681 for the Duchess of Fontanges, mistress of Louis XIV, and which is today kept in the Musée Jacquemart-André in Paris (Lunsingh Scheurleer, Pierre Gole, 2005, ill. 133 ff.). In structural terms, Gole played a not insignificant role in the development of the desk. He already made one for the Menus-Plaisirs du Roi in 1669 (Lunsingh Scheurleer, 2005, p. 184). From January 1671 the furniture undergoes a transformation and the tabletop can be opened. This is the birth of the so-called Bureau brisé. Another desk typical of Gole is kept in the collection of the Duke of Buccleuch at Boughton House (Lunsingh Scheurleer, 2005, pp. 138-143). As can also be seen on a console in the J. Paul Getty Museum (Lunsing Schurleer, 2005, p. 260, fig. a), the present desk shows Pierre Gole's pronounced preference for the minimal use of tortoiseshell in favour of the play between brass and tin.

Literature:
Cf. Th. H. Lunsing Scheurleer, Pierre Gole ébéniste de Louis XIV, 2005. (1241711) (13)


Small Louis XIV Bureau de Changeur

Height: 74 cm
Width: 84 cm.
Depth closed: 40 cm.
Depth opened: 80 cm.
Pierre Gole (Maître Menuisier en ébène ordinaire du Roi since 1656, died 1685), attributed.
France, ca. 1680.

Exceptional bureau de changer (money exchange table). Folding tabletop with interior drawer. Oak structure with cut and engraved brass and pewter fittings on tortoiseshell background with underlay. The tabletop in particular is opulently decorated with "en première partie" marquetry.

Notes:
This type of marquetry is closely associated with the ebonist André-Charles Boulle, although he neither invented it nor was he the only ebonist to use this kind of decoration. Jacques Talon was appointed "menuisier ordinaire du Roi" by Louis XIV in 1663, as the king was especially pleased with his metal-inlaid furnishings (Ronfort, Boulle, 2009, p. 89).

Literature:
Compare Th. H. Lunsing Scheurleer, Pierre Gole ébéniste de Louis XIV, 2005.



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