H. 24 cm
Ho'ote Katsina doll
H. 91/2 in
- Sotheby's New York, Dec. 4, 1997 lot 45
- Christie's New York, Jan. 12, 2006 lot 37
- Alan Kessler Collection, Santa Fe
- Collection of Monsieur A. F., Paris
- Dr Gregory Schaff, Hopi Katsina 1600 Artists Biographies, 2008, page 11 fig. 33
This Kachina doll represents Ho'ote, a spirit considered particularly beneficial by the Hopi. He brings prosperity to the members of the kiva and to the entire village. His appearances are also prayers for the appearance of spring flowers.
Ho'ote appears during the Mixed Dances and sometimes during the Niman ceremony (Return Home, the last ceremony of the Kachina dance cycle each year in July).
The inverted V-shaped motifs on his forehead are a stylized representation of rainbows and raindrops of different colours, recalling the cardinal directions from which they come.
Ho'ote takes his name from the songs he sings during the ceremonial dances he participates in. He acts as a messenger of the rain. He ensures the harmony of the elements, especially the stars and the moon, which explains the decorations of his mask on the cheeks.
This type of flat Kachina corresponds to one of the first known styles of dolls among the Hopi: the body is in one piece, decorated with vertical red bands, the arms are painted and are an integral part of the trunk, the legs are not figurative. It is only from the end of the 19th century that transformations took place, notably with the separation of the lower limbs and the appearance of forearms that gave rise to the Kachina dolls in volume. Nevertheless, the Hopi continued to carve flat figures, which they reserved for very young children, hence the name "Cradle Kachina".
Location of the item France - 75008 Paris