Large carved fruitwood medallion in high relief representing Philoctetes setting fire to the pyre of Hercules. His naked body girded with the skin of Nemea's lion, the hero sits on a blazing inferno and raises his right arm towards the sky from where Jupiter sent him lightning which consumed him in an instant. Philoctetes looks away, hiding his face with his left hand while holding the torch used to light the pyre with his other hand; moulded wooden frame.17th centuryHeight: 108.5 cm - Width: 81 cm(some restorations)Ovid in his Metamorphoses tells the story of the death of Hercules (9, 211-272). After putting on the tunic of Nessus given to him by his wife Deianire, who did not know that she was poisoned, the hero fell into great suffering. He decided to build his pyre himself and asked Philoctetus, son of Poeas, to whom he gave his weapons, to light it. Jupiter then sent lightning to end his ordeal.The figure of Hercules in this bas-relief is inspired by Guido Reni Hercules' 1617 painting on the pyre from the Acts of Hercules, which the Bolognese painter produced for Duke Frederick II of Mantua. An engraving by Gilles Rousset (1610-1686) reproducing this work later spread this iconography during the 17th century (fig.).